Our collection of interesting informative and fun horse facts
Basic horse facts can elude horse owners who are busy caring for a large living breathing creature.
And who’s equestrian sport or hobby often takes up significant personal time.
Horse riding can take up to several hours of every day.
Simple daily grooming, taking care of horse tack and the actual horse riding all take time.
Learning basic horse facts and figures as well as the more fun and interesting ones is often placed on the back burner or never considered important.
The following bulleted lists are for those too busy to stick their nose in a four hundred page book …. enjoy.
Basic Horse Facts … The things every horse owner should know
- A horse isn’t considered an adult until it reaches age four.
- A female horse over 4 years old is called a mare.
- A male horse over 4 years old is called a Stallion or a Gelding, if castrated.
- Horses are measured in hands high (hh).
- A hand is equivalent to four inches or 10.2cm.
- Horses are normally over 14.2hh except for miniature horses.
- Anything under 14.2hh is classed as a pony.
- There are over 200 breeds of horses in the world.
- A horse’s gestation period (time from breeding to birth) is about 11 mths
- Horses usualy live to be 20-25 years old. The oldest horse lived to be 62.
- A father horse is called a sire.
- A mother horse is called a dam.
- A young female is called a filly.
- A young male is called a colt.
- The scientific name for the horse is equus caballus.
- A mule is a cross between a male donkey (a jack) and a female horse (a mare).
- Mules are usually sterile.
- A hinny is a cross between a male horse (a stallion) and a female donkey (a jenny).
- Hinnies are usually sterile.
- Mules are known for having very long ears.
Foals and Foaling … Interesting facts about baby horses
- A newborn foals legs are already 80 to 90% of the length they will be when full grown.
- A foal is able to stand just one hour after birth.
- A foal can walk, trot, and run just two hours after birth.
- The first milk the mare makes is called colostrum. This rich milk builds the foals immune system.
- Most foals will start to nurse less than two hours after birth.
- A female foal is called a filly.
- A male foal is called a colt.
- More foals are born between April 15 and May 15 than at any other time.
- Mares usually foal at night.
- Foaling mares don’t like being watched. They will stop foaling and wait till a person leaves.
- A mare may give birth in as little as 15 minutes, but usually no longer than an hour.
- If a mare is still straining after an hour has passed, something is seriously wrong.
- If you have to help pull a foal out, NEVER pull up! Always pull down, toward the mares feet.
- Unusual Horse Facts
- Truth or Fiction
- Small & Tall
- Technical Terms
- Horse Anatomy
- The Horses Eye
- Inside The Horse
Strange and Unusual Horse Facts
- Horses like classical music.
- The oldest horse was named Old Billy. He was a cross breed, he was born in 1760 and lived to 62.
- The oldest pony ever recorded was named Teddy E. Bear. He lived to be 55 and was owned by Kathy Pennington of Virginia Beach, VA. He was still alive in 1998.
- The World’s Largest Horse was a purebred Belgian stallion named Brooklyn Supreme. He stood 19.2hh (6’6") at his withers. He weighed over 3,200 pounds and is entered in the Guinness Book of World Records. He was foaled in 1928 and died in 1948. He lived in Iowa, USA.
The oldest winning thoroughbred racehorses are ;
- The 18-year-olds – Revenge, at Shrewsbury England in 1790; Marksman, at Ashford Kent, England in 1826; and Jorrocks, at Bathurst Australia in 1851
- Also at 18yrs old; Wild Aster won three hurdle races in 1919 and Sonny Somers won two steeplechases in February 1980.
All horses, regardless of when they were actually born, are considered to have a common birthday of January 1; which is one reason why most horsemen and equine breeders don’t want their foals to be born late in the year.
Even if a foal, colt or filly, is born on December 31st he or she will have their first birthday the very next day.