How to treat horse sarcoids - your options :

To treat horse sarcoids is notoriously difficult. The fact that numerous treatments have been described, indicates that there is no single magical cure and no definitive treatment for the condition.

You should definitely avoid half-hearted attempts at treatment, as these are likely to lead to failure.

Ineffective treatment of a sarcoid can be worse than doing nothing at all.

Also in this Section ...
What are Horse Sarcoids
What Causes Sarcoids

Malevolent Sarcoids ...
No effective treatment is currently available for the malevolent form of horse sarcoids.

It can even make the sarcoid more aggressive and turn an occult or verrucous sarcoid into a fibroblastic one.

Experience has shown that certain methods can be more appropriate for different types or positions of sarcoid.

Horse Sarcoid treatment options include :

Do Nothing (watchful neglect):

A single sarcoid or a small group that is isolated and does not interfere with tack or riding can be left alone and in time, may resolve itself.

Ligation:

This is effective for smaller sarcoids with an obvious neck of normal skin. A length of nylon or elastic is tied around the neck, cutting off the blood supply. Rubber rings used for lamb castration work well. However, the sarcoids do tend to re-occur.

Flat horse sarcoids / Equine sarcoids

Using Chemotherapy to Treat Horse Sarcoids :

An anti-cancer agent is injected into the tumour site. The primary aim is to stop cell division (reproduction) and thus cause cell death. Multiple injections are required.

Cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil are the most commonly used chemotherapeutic agents.

This treatment can be expensive due to the cost of the drugs. Compounds containing heavy metals such as arsenic, antimony and mercury salts, may be applied to the sarcoid

One example is the cream used by the Liverpool vet school which also contains corticosteroids and cytotoxic drugs.

Cisplatin is a cytotoxic drug ( ie it kills cells.) It works well when injected into nodular or small fibroblastic sarcoids. One small study found it to be 100% effective.

Equine Sarcoids Fibroblasts

Immunological Treatments for Horse Sarcoids:

Autogenous Vaccine:

Some people have advocated using sarcoids removed from the horse to produce a vaccine which is then injected back into the horse to stimulate resistance to the remaining sarcoids.

Vaccines do not usually work well. In some cases the remaining sarcoids get worse after autogenous vaccine treatment.

BCG vaccine:

This was originally produced to protect people against tuberculosis.

It is injected into the sarcoid on 3 or 4 occasions at 2-3 week intervals.

It acts as an immune stimulant and works quite well for some nodular sarcoids and some fibroblastic sarcoids. Sarcoids around the eye seem to respond well to this treatment.

Radioactive Gold and Iridium implants:

These have been used successful especially around the eyes. But requirements for radiological protection of the operator make it an impractical treatment in most cases.